Cellular localization of the human chorionic gonadotropin β-subunit in transgenic mouse placenta

Brian L. Strauss, Irving Boime

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


CG is a human placental glycoprotein expressed in first-trimester trophoblasts. To examine the regulation of the CGβ-subunit in an in vivo model, we previously constructed transgenic mice containing the CGβ gene cluster and demonstrated its expression in the placenta. Here, we determine the cell type responsible for CGβ synthesis in the mouse by immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization analyses. Unexpectedly, the protein and messenger RNA were not detected in trophoblast or elsewhere in the chorioallantoic placenta but in the parietal endoderm, a separate extraembryonic component of the placenta. The identity of this CGβ-producing layer was confirmed by the presence of laminin A, a known protein of the parietal endoderm extracellular matrix. However, we observed heterogeneity, with respect to synthesis of laminin A and CGβ parietal endoderm cells expressing CGβ at high levels synthesized less laminin A, and vice versa. The absence of CGβ production in trophoblasts of the transgenic mouse demonstrates a lack of transcriptional equivalence between rodent and human trophoblasts. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that, in human placenta, one or more transcriptional factors coevolved as members of the CGβ gene cluster underwent duplication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-437
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000


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