Cell density and actomyosin contractility control the organization of migrating collectives within an epithelium

Andrew J. Loza, Sarita Koride, Gregory V. Schimizzi, Bo Li, Sean X. Sun, Gregory D. Longmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying collective migration are important for understanding development, wound healing, and tumor invasion. Here we focus on cell density to determine its role in collective migration. Our findings show that increasing cell density, as might be seen in cancer, transforms groups from broad collectives to small, narrow streams. Conversely, diminishing cell density, as might occur at a wound front, leads to large, broad collectives with a distinct leader follower structure. Simulations identify force-sensitive contractility as a mediator of how density affects collectives, and guided by this prediction, we find that the baseline state of contractility can enhance or reduce organization. Finally, we test predictions from these data in an in vivo epithelium by using genetic manipulations to drive collective motion between predicted migratory phases. This work demonstrates how commonly altered cellular properties can prime groups of cells to adopt migration patterns that may be harnessed in health or exploited in disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3459-3470
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume27
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2016

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