The biological function of the SART-1 gene product is demonstrated and its potential as a target for cancer gene therapy is discussed. Materials and Methods: The SART-1 gene was transduced by a recombinant adenovirus vector and its expression was promoted by a CMV promoter. Results: The transduction efficiency by recombinant adenoviruses in A549 and MCF-7 cells was determined using a vector expressing luciferase, which showed high expression in the cells. Cell count analysis using Trypan-Blue dye exclusion showed that SART-1 gene transduction inhibited cell growth. Flow cytometry analysis suggested that SART-1 gene transduction induced cell cycle arrest followed by apoptosis. Western blot analysis confirmed that the apoptosis pathway was activated by SART-1 gene transduction. Conclusion: These results show that SART-1 gene transduction induces cell cycle arrest leading to apoptosis and suggest the possibility of gene therapy against cancer. In addition, SART-1 is known to be a tumor antigen in a range of cancers recognized by T cells, thus a potential strategy would be the combination of suicide gene therapy with immuno-gene therapy.
|Number of pages||8|
|Issue number||3 B|
|State||Published - May 1 2005|
- Cell cycle
- Tumor rejection antigen