Among the diverse populations of myeloid cells that reside within the healthy and diseased heart, C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) is specifically expressed on inflammatory populations of monocytes and macrophages that contribute to the development and progression of heart failure 1–4. Here, we evaluated a peptide-based imaging probe (64Cu-DOTA-ECL1i) that specifically recognizes CCR2+ monocytes and macrophages for human cardiac imaging. Compared to healthy controls, 64Cu-DOTA-ECL1i heart uptake was increased in individuals after acute myocardial infarction, predominately localized within the infarct area, and was associated with impaired myocardial wall motion. These findings establish the feasibility of molecular imaging of CCR2 expression to visualize inflammatory monocytes and macrophages in the injured human heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-880
Number of pages7
JournalNature Cardiovascular Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2023


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