Background: Acute COVID-19 infection has been shown to have significant effects on the cardiovascular system. Post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 (PASC) are being identified in patients; however, the cardiovascular effects are yet to be well-defined. The Post-COVID Cardiology Clinic at Washington University evaluates and treats patients with ongoing cardiovascular PASC. Objectives: This investigation aims to describe the phenotypes of cardiovascular symptoms of PASC in patients presenting to the Post-COVID Cardiology Clinic, including their demographics, symptoms, and the clinical phenotypes observed. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of symptoms, clinical findings, and test results from the first 100 consecutive adult patients who presented to the Post-COVID Cardiology Clinic at Washington University in St. Louis, between September 2020 to May 2021 with cardiovascular symptoms following COVID-19 infection. Results: The population (n = 100) had a mean age of 46.3 years and was 81% female. Most patients had mild acute illness, with only 23% of patients requiring hospitalization during acute COVID-19 infection. The most commonly reported PASC symptoms were chest pain (66%), palpitations (59%), and dyspnea on exertion (56%). Of those presenting with these symptoms, 74/98 patients (75.5%) were found to have a significant blood pressure elevation, considerable sinus tachycardia burden, reduced global longitudinal strain, increased indexed left-ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDVi) by echocardiogram, and/or cMRI findings consistent with possible active or healing myocarditis. Conclusions: Our findings highlight clinical phenotypes of the cardiovascular manifestations of PASC. Further studies are needed to evaluate the pathophysiology, treatment options and long-term outcomes for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • Post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2
  • Sinus tachycardia


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