Cardiovascular Disease in the Older Adult: Where Are We 4 Decades Later?

Farshad Forouzandeh, Karen Alexander, Daniel Forman, James N. Kirkpatrick, Michael W. Rich, Susan Zieman, Nanette K. Wenger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The 1986 Bethesda Conference on Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in the Elderly, co-chaired by Drs Nanette Wenger, Frank Marcus, and Robert O'Rourke delineated the anticipated social, political, ethical, economic, and technological impact of an aging population on the incidence, prevalence, and management of CVD in the United States and worldwide. In the ensuing 4 decades, older patients have come to comprise an increasingly large proportion of the CVD population, and there has been an explosion of research in all aspects of CVD affecting older adults. Correspondingly, geriatric cardiology is now an established field within cardiovascular medicine. In this communication, we provide a focused update on intersections between CVD and geriatrics from basic science to clinical practice, a review of major advances in diagnosis and treatment of older adults with CVD, and a preview of future research directions in the still-evolving field of geriatric cardiology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100820
JournalJACC: Advances
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • aging
  • Bethesda Conference
  • frailty
  • geriatric cardiology
  • older adults


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