Cardiopulmonary Manifestations of Collagen Vascular Diseases

Hamza Jawad, Sebastian R. McWilliams, Sanjeev Bhalla

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: The study aimed to illustrate the cardiopulmonary findings of the following collagen vascular diseases on cross-sectional imaging: rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma (progressive systemic sclerosis), systemic lupus erythematosus, the inflammatory myopathies (polymyositis/dermatomyositis), and Sjögren’s syndrome. Recent Findings: Although collagen vascular diseases can affect any part of the body, interstitial lung disease and pulmonary hypertension are the two most important cardiopulmonary complications and are responsible for the majority of morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) is a newly described entity that encompasses interstitial lung disease in patients with clinical, serologic, or morphologic features suggestive of but not diagnostic of collagen vascular disease; these patients are thought to have better outcomes than idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. Summary: Interstitial lung disease and pulmonary hypertension determine the prognosis in collagen vascular disease patients. IPAF is a new term to label patients with possible collagen vascular disease-related interstitial lung disease. Collagen vascular disease patients are at increased risk for various malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number71
JournalCurrent rheumatology reports
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017


  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • Collagen vascular diseases
  • Connective tissue diseases
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Pulmonary hypertension


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