Cardiac Physical Exam Skills and Auscultation Session for Pediatric Interns

Christopher A. Sumski, Anoop Singh, Amanda Rogers, Robert Treat, Charles Bergstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: Physicians need adequate physical exam skills. Unfortunately, interns have variable physical exam skills, and teaching is often limited to rounds, an inconsistent setting. Physical exam skills, particularly those involving auscultation, require practice. Our goal was to create a cardiac physical exam workshop for pediatric interns that would improve their performance on an interactive assessment of their ability and understanding in physical exam and murmur interpretation. Methods: We completed a targeted needs assessment and then developed a 2-hour workshop on the pediatric cardiac physical exam targeted to pediatrics residents. The workshop included didactics, group discussion, and practice interpreting common pediatric murmurs. Pediatrics residents completed the assessment as a pretest and then participated in the workshop. At the end of the workshop, the assessment was administered as a posttest, followed by a reassessment 3 months later. Nonparametric statistical analysis was conducted. Pre- and posttest scores were compared using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: Twenty-five residents completed the workshop, including 22 pediatrics residents, one pediatrics/anesthesia combined resident, one pediatric neurology resident, and one resident completing a preliminary year in pediatrics prior to dermatology residency. There was a significant increase in the mean score on the assessment from pre- to posttest (pretest M = 54%, posttest M = 71%, p < .001). This increase was sustained at the 3-month reassessment (M = 67%). Discussion: This cardiac physical exam workshop demonstrated improvement in physical exam knowledge and interpretation ability as measured by an online pre-/posttest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11289
Number of pages1
JournalMedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources
StatePublished - 2022


  • Auscultation
  • Cardiac Examination
  • Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Clinical Teaching/Bedside Teaching
  • Murmurs
  • Pediatric Cardiology
  • Pediatrics
  • Physical Examination


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