Thirty patients with adenocarcinoma of the fallopian tube, treated between 1950 and 1981, were studied. Median age was 55 years, and mean parity was 1.3. Bleeding or discharge occurred as a presenting complaint in 47% of patients, abdominal distention or mass in 50%, and pain in 30%. Lesions were staged using a system analogous to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) classification for ovarian carcinoma. Nine patients had Stage I disease; 11, Stage II; 7, Stage III; and 3, Stage IV. Histologic differentiation was Grade 1 in 39% of the patients, Grade 2 in 18%, and Grade 3 in 43%. Primary surgical treatment consisted of total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy in 70% of the patients; 23% had more extensive surgery, whereas 13% had less extensive surgery. Three patients with Stage I tumors were treated with surgery alone, and the remainder received postoperative radiation, chemotherapy, or both. Survival was unrelated to grade, but highly dependent upon stage. Survival at 5 years was 56% for Stage I, 27% for Stage II, 14% for Stage III, and 0% for Stage IV. Four of five patients treated after surgery with a combination of cisplatin, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (PAC) survived at least 3 years. Patterns of initial treatment failure showed 56% with a component of pelvic failure, 50% with a component of upper abdominal failure, and 44% with extraperitoneal metastases as a component of failure. These results suggest the need for aggressive postoperative adjuvant therapy targeted at upper abdominal and distant sites for metastasis in all lesions beyond Stage I.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1986|