Cancer: Epidemiology and Associations Between Diet and Cancer

G. A. Colditz, H. Dart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Dietary factors account for a large proportion of human cancers, particularly overnutrition that results in weight gain and obesity. The evidence linking diet and cancer has been developing since the early 1900s, beginning with early laboratory studies and ecologic studies of cancer rates in different parts of the world. More modern epidemiologic methods, including case-control studies, cohort studies, and randomized controlled trials have helped define in detail the associations between specific dietary factors and cancer. Factors with strong links to an increased risk of various cancers include: overnutrition/obesity, alcohol, red meat, and salt. Factors with strong links to a decreased risk include: fruits, vegetables, fiber, vitamin D, calcium, and folate.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Human Nutrition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages247-252
Number of pages6
Volume1-4
ISBN (Electronic)9780123848857
ISBN (Print)9780123750839
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Analytical studies
  • Calcium
  • Cancer
  • Diet
  • Fat
  • Fiber
  • Folate
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Prevention
  • Red meat
  • Vitamin D
  • Weight

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  • Cite this

    Colditz, G. A., & Dart, H. (2012). Cancer: Epidemiology and Associations Between Diet and Cancer. In Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Vol. 1-4, pp. 247-252). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375083-9.00036-2