2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Asthma is a clinically heterogeneous disease, and despite substantial improvements in therapies, there remains an unmet need for well-tolerated, effective treatments. Observational studies have demonstrated that alterations in the respiratory and gut microbiome are associated with the development of asthma and its severity. These findings are supported by preclinical models demonstrating that respiratory and gut microbes can alter airway inflammation. Therapeutic approaches to target the human microbiome have been increasingly applied to a wide range of acute and chronic diseases, but there are currently no microbiome-based therapeutics approved for the treatment of asthma. This clinical commentary addresses the future role of microbiome-based therapeutics in asthma management from both a pro and con perspective. We examine (1) the prospects for clinical studies demonstrating a causal relationship between the human microbiome and the severity of asthma; (2) the challenges and potential solutions for designing, testing, and implementing a microbiome-based therapeutic; and (3) the possibility of microbiome-based therapeutics for conditions comorbid to asthma. We conclude by identifying research priorities that will help determine the future of microbiome-based therapeutics for the management of asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-869
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Microbiome
  • Probiotics
  • Therapeutics

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