Calvarial thickness and diploic space development in children with sagittal synostosis as assessed by computed tomography

Trina D. Ghosh, Gary Skolnick, Dennis C. Nguyen, Hank Sun, Kamlesh Patel, Matthew D. Smyth, Albert S. Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Following surgical management of craniosynostosis, residual calvarial defects may require reconstruction, frequently with the use of cranial bone grafts. Knowledge of optimal sites for harvest would be beneficial in such situations. The goal of this study is to compare calvarial thickness (CALV) and diploic thickness (DIPL) in children with corrected sagittal synostosis to normal controls (n = 47) using postoperative CT scans.We also compare the results from children who had undergone open (OPEN) (n = 26) and endoscopic (ENDO) (n = 26) surgery.On each skull, CALV and DIPL were measured at 44 points over 5 regions. Multiple regression analysis was used to compare CALV and DIPL controlling for gender and age.Children who had undergone previous craniosynostosis correction tended to have thinner CALV compared to controls in operated regions but thicker CALV in unoperated regions (P < 0.001). Adjusted mean CALV was thinner overall in ENDO compared to OPEN (P = 0.020). Children with corrected sagittal synostosis have thinner DIPL than controls (P = 0.002). No difference was found in DIPL comparing OPEN and ENDO (P = 0.977) approaches.Children who had undergone previous craniosynostosis correction tended to have thinner CALV when compared to controls in operated regions but thicker CALV in unoperated regions. ENDO calvaria were thinner than OPEN calvaria. Children with corrected sagittal synostosis have thinner DIPL than controls; no difference was found in DIPL comparing OPEN and ENDO approaches. Due to irregularities in bone development among children who had previously undergone calvarial reconstruction, individualized preoperative CT assessment is recommended in all patients undergoing secondary split calvarial bone grafting procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1050-1055
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • Calvarial thickness
  • Diploe
  • Sagittal synostosis
  • Secondary surgery

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