We have shown that osteopontin binding to integrin α(v)β3 in osteoclasts stimulates gelsolin-associated phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3- hydroxyl kinase (PI 3-kinase), leading to increased levels of gelsolin-bound PtdIns 3,4-P2, PtdIns 4,5-P2, and PtdIns 3,4,5-P3, uncapping of barbed end actin, and actin filament formation. Inhibition of PI 3-kinase activity by wortmannin blocks osteopontin stimulation of actin filament formation, suggesting that activation of gelsolin-associated PI 3-kinase is an important pathway in cytoskeletal regulation. To study the mechanism of gelsolin- associated PI 3-kinase activation, we analyzed anti-gelsolin immunoprecipitates for the association of protein kinases. We demonstrated that c-Src co-immunoprecipitates with gelsolin, and that osteopontin stimulates its activity. Elimination of osteopontin-stimulated Src activity associated with gelsolin through antisense oligodeoxynucleotides blocked the stimulation of PI 3-kinase activity associated with gelsolin and the gelsolin-dependent cytoskeletal reorganization induced by osteopontin, including increased F-actin levels. In addition, treatment of osteoclasts with antisense oligonucleotides to Src reduced bone resorption. Our results demonstrate that osteopontin stimulates gelsolin-associated Src, leading to increased gelsolin-associated PI 3-kinase activity and PtdIns 3,4,5-P3 levels, which facilitate actin filament formation, osteoclast motility, and bone resorption.