Briquet's syndrome (hysteria) is both a somatoform and a 'psychoform' illness: A Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory study

R. D. Wetzel, S. B. Guze, C. R. Cloninger, R. L. Martin, P. J. Clayton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We describe the results of a follow-up study on patients with hysteria using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) to evaluate the multiple complaints of these patients. MMPIs were obtained from 29 women with primary affective disorder and 37 women with Briquet's syndrome as part of a follow-up study of the St. Louis clinic 500. Patients with Briquet's syndrome were significantly less consistent and logical in answering MMPIs and were more likely to emphasize personal psychopathological conditions. They reported many more symptoms in many more problem areas than did women with primary affective disorder. Patients with Briquet's syndrome reported significantly more somatic symptoms and psychological/interpersonal problems than did the depressed group. It was suggested that such patients mimic multiple psychiatric and somatic disorders.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)564-569
    Number of pages6
    JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
    Volume56
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

    Keywords

    • MMPI
    • affective disorder
    • hysteria
    • psychoform
    • somatization disorder
    • somatoform

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