Breast-feeding and overweight in adolescence

Matthew W. Gillman, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Catherine S. Berkey, A. Lindsay Frazier, Helaine R.H. Rockett, Carlos A. Camargo, Alison E. Field, Graham A. Colditz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Background: Previous reports have found associations between having been breast-fed and a reduced risk of being overweight. These associations may be confounded by socioculturel determinants of both breast-feeding and obesity. We addressed this possibility by assessing the association of breast-feeding duration with adolescent obesity within sibling sets. Methods: We surveyed 5614 siblings age 9 to 14 years and their mothers. These children were a subset of participants in the Growing Up Today Study, in which we had previously reported an inverse association of breast-feeding duration with overweight. We compared the prevalence of overweight (body mass index exceeding the age-sex-specific 85th percentile) in siblings who were breast-fed longer than the mean duration of their sibship with those who were breast-fed for a shorter period. Then we compared odds ratios from this within-family analysis with odds ratios from an overall (ie, not within-family) analysis. Results: Mean ± standard deviation breast-feeding duration was 6.4 ± 4.0 months, and crude prevalence of overweight was 19%. On average, siblings who were breast-fed longer than their family mean had breast-feeding duration 3.7 months longer than their shorter-duration siblings. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for overweight among siblings with longer breast-feeding duration, compared with shorter duration, was 0.92 (95% confidence interval = 0.76-1.11). In overall analyses, the adjusted OR was 0.94 (0.88-1.00) for each 3.7-month increment in breast-feeding duration. Conclusion: The estimated OR for the within-family analysis was close to the overall estimate, suggesting that the apparent protective effect of breast-feeding on later obesity was not highly confounded by unmeasured sociocultural factors. A larger study of siblings, however, would be needed to confirm this conclusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-114
Number of pages3
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006


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