Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are an important public health and infection prevention threat. CRE are typically detected via phenotypic antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST), for which interpretive standards were modified in recent years. Our objective was to measure the impact of breakpoint changes on AST interpretation for CRE. Zone sizes from disk diffusion AST for Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered from clinical cultures over a 1-year period (n = 10,183) and CRE from clinical and environmental sources from the USA and Pakistan (n = 342) were evaluated. Results were interpreted according to historical (CLSI M100-S19) and current (CLSI M100-S29) breakpoints. Interpretive errors were calculated according to the FDA definitions. Using current breakpoints as the reference standard, 56 (17%) very major (false susceptibility) errors occurred for cefepime and 13 (45%) very major errors for meropenem interpretation using historical breakpoints in clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, corresponding to 12 carbapenemase-producing CRE that would have been missed during the 1-year period. For confirmed blaKPC CP-CRE clinical and environmental isolates (n = 149), the very major error rate for historic breakpoints was 8%, 30%, 63%, and 0% for cefepime, meropenem, imipenem, and ertapenem, respectively. For blaKPC isolates, the use of historical breakpoints would have led to 42 (28%) reports of false susceptibility to meropenem. Failure to adopt updated AST breakpoints may lead to reports of false susceptibility for antimicrobials commonly used to treat Gram-negative infections and preclude recognition of CRE. Such errors could negatively impact patient care and hamper infection control and public health efforts.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2020|
- Carbapenemase-producing CRE