Brain structure in pediatric Tourette syndrome

D. J. Greene, A. C. Williams, J. M. Koller, B. L. Schlaggar, K. J. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies of brain structure in Tourette syndrome (TS) have produced mixed results, and most had modest sample sizes. In the present multicenter study, we used structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare 103 children and adolescents with TS to a well-matched group of 103 children without tics. We applied voxel-based morphometry methods to test gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume differences between diagnostic groups, accounting for MRI scanner and sequence, age, sex and total GM+WM volume. The TS group demonstrated lower WM volume bilaterally in orbital and medial prefrontal cortex, and greater GM volume in posterior thalamus, hypothalamus and midbrain. These results demonstrate evidence for abnormal brain structure in children and youth with TS, consistent with and extending previous findings, and they point to new target regions and avenues of study in TS. For example, as orbital cortex is reciprocally connected with hypothalamus, structural abnormalities in these regions may relate to abnormal decision making, reinforcement learning or somatic processing in TS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)972-980
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

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