Doxorubicin (DOX) is an important tumor chemotherapeutic agent, acting mainly by genotoxic action. This work focus on cell processes that help cell survival, after DOX-induced DNA damage. In fact, cells deficient for XPA or DNA polymerase eta (pol eta, XPV) proteins (involved in distinct DNA repair pathways) are highly DOX-sensitive. Moreover, LY294002, an inhibitor of PIKK kinases, showed a synergistic killing effect in cells deficient in these proteins, with a strong induction of G2/M cell cycle arrest. Taken together, these results indicate that XPA and pol eta proteins participate in cell resistance to DOX-treatment, and kinase inhibitors can selectively enhance its killing effects, probably reducing the cell ability to recover from breaks induced in DNA.
- DNA polymerase eta (pol eta)
- DNA repair