Bone mineral density of the tarsals and metatarsals with reloading

Mary Kent Hastings, Judy Gelber, Paul K. Commean, Fred Prior, David R. Sinacore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose. Bone mineral density (BMD) decreases rapidly with prolonged non-weight bearing. Maximizing the BMD response to reloading activities after NWB is critical to minimizing fracture risk. Methods for measuring individual tarsal and metatarsal BMD have not been available. This case report describes tarsal and metatarsal BMD with a reloading program, as revealed by quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Case Description. A 24-year-old woman was non-weight bearing for 6 weeks after right talocrural arthroscopy. Tarsal and metatarsal BMD were measured with QCT 9 weeks (before reloading) and 32 weeks (after reloading) after surgery. A 26-week progressive reloading program was completed. Change scores were calculated for BMD before reloading and BMD after reloading for the total foot (average of all tarsals and metatarsals), tarsals, metatarsals, bones of the medial column (calcaneus, navicular, cuneiforms 1 and 2, and metatarsal 1), and bones of the lateral column (calcaneus, cuboid, cuneiform 3, and metatarsals 2-5). The percent differences in BMD between the involved side and the uninvolved side were calculated. Outcomes. Before reloading, BMD of the involved total foot was 9% lower than that on the uninvolved side. After reloading, BMD increased 22% and 21% for the total foot, 16% and 14% for the tarsals, 29% and 30% for the metatarsals, 14% and 15% for the medial column bones, and 28% and 26% for the lateral column bones on the involved and uninvolved sides, respectively. After reloading, BMD of the involved total foot remained 8% lower than that on the uninvolved side. Discussion. The increase in BMD with reloading was not uniform across all pedal bones; the metatarsals showed a greater increase than the tarsals, and the lateral column bones showed a greater increase than the medial column bones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-779
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical therapy
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

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