In sixteen severely catabolic patients, two different nutritional treatments with the same nitrogen input (0.30 gN.kg-1.die-1) but with a different caloric support: 30 kcal.kg-1.die-1 foe group A and 15 kcal.kg-1.die-1 for group B were infused. Body nitrogen balance (BN), muscle nitrogen balance (BNm) and, calculated as a difference of the two, visceral nitrogen balance were measured in every patient on basal day and on the second day of total parenteral nutrition. Both nutritional treatment reduced the catabolic state in the same amount: this was confirmed by a less negative body BN and by the reduced excretion of 3-MEH and amino acidic catabolic markers. Otherwise in the other compartments the treatments showed different effects: the metabolic support was more reduced by treatment A than it was by B, supplying to visceral compartment a lower nitrogen amount: the nitrogen dismission from muscle compartment, available for visceral tissues, is greater with treatment B than with treatment A. In conclusion, even if both treatments show the same effect on body nitrogen balance, they penalize either one of the examined compartment or the other. To avoid this problem, the study and the use of tissue-specific nutrients are desiderable. Tissue-specific solutions may warrant the balance among body compartment without any further increase of the nitrogen rate.
|Translated title of the contribution||Body, muscle, and visceral nitrogen balance in catabolic patients. Modification with metabolic treatment|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1993|