Background: Post colonoscopy blunt splenic injury (PCBSI) is a rarely reported and poorly recognized event. We analyzed cases of PCBSI managed at our hospital and compared them to existing literature. Methods: We identified 5 patients admitted with PCBSI through chart review. Results: There were 5 cases of PCBSI identified from April 2016–July 2017. Four of the patients were older than 65 years, three had prior surgeries, and all were women. CT scans showed splenic laceration in 4 cases, hemoperitoneum in 4 cases, and left pleural effusion in 2 cases. Three patients were treated with coil embolization, 1 had open splenectomy, and 1 was observed. Conclusions: Although blunt splenic injury is an infrequently reported complication of colonoscopy, it can result in high-grade injury requiring transfusion and invasive treatment due to significant hemorrhage. As previously reported, we demonstrate a high rate of PCBSI in women over 55 with a history of prior abdominal surgery. These data suggest that a high index of suspicion for splenic injury post-colonoscopy should be present in this population.
- Blunt splenic injury