Biphasic adrenergic modulation of β-adrenergic receptors in man: Agonist-induced early increment and late decrement in β-adrenergic receptor number

J. F. Tohmeh, P. E. Cryer

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131 Scopus citations

Abstract

β-Adrenergic receptors in mononuclear leukocyte preparations were assessed with (-)[3H]-dihydroalprenolol binding studies during the infusion of adrenergic agonists into normal human subjects. During the infusion of isoproterenol into 7 subjects, mean (±SE) (-)[3H]dihydroalprenolol binding increased from 25±3 fmol/mg protein to 47±8 fmol/mg protein (P < 0.02) at 0.5 hr and 40±3 fmol/mg protein (P < 0.01) at 1 hr and decreased to 12±1 fmol/mg protein (P < 0.01) at 4-6 hr. During the infusion of epinephrine into 3 subjects, mean (-)[3H]dihydroalprenolol binding increased from 32±3 to 63±3 fmol/mg protein (P < 0.01) at 0.5-1 hr. By Scatchard plot analysis, these changes were attributable to changes in the number of available binding sites rather than changes in binding affinity. The observed changes in the number of (-)[3H]dihydroalprenolol binding sites were not paralleled by changes in total mononuclear cell counts or in T lymphocyte, B lymphocyte, and monocyte distributions. Thus, the authors conclude that adrenergic agonists modulate the number of available β-adrenergic receptors on circulating mononuclear cells in a biphasic manner, with an early increment and a late decrement, in man. Further, the finding that the increase in pulse rate in response to a 'pulse' infusion of isoproterenol was significantly greater after 0.5-1 hr of agonist infusion suggests that the observed early agonist-induced increment in β-adrenergic receptor number on circulating cells is paralleled by increments in extra-vascular β-adrenergic receptor sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-840
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980

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