Biotechnological innovations in nanocellulose production from waste biomass with a focus on pineapple waste

Prakash Kumar Sarangi, Rajesh Kumar Srivastava, Uttam Kumar Sahoo, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Jigisha Parikh, Shama Bansod, Ganesh Parsai, Mohammad Luqman, Krushna Prasad Shadangi, Deepti Diwan, Deborah Lanterbecq, Minaxi Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


New materials’ synthesis and utilization have shown many critical challenges in healthcare and other industrial sectors as most of these materials are directly or indirectly developed from fossil fuel resources. Environmental regulations and sustainability concepts have promoted the use of natural compounds with unique structures and properties that can be biodegradable, biocompatible, and eco-friendly. In this context, nanocellulose (NC) utility in different sectors and industries is reported due to their unique properties including biocompatibility and antimicrobial characteristics. The bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)-based materials have been synthesized by bacterial cells and extracted from plant waste materials including pineapple plant waste biomass. These materials have been utilized in the form of nanofibers and nanocrystals. These materials are found to have excellent surface properties, low density, and good transparency, and are rich in hydroxyl groups for their modifications to other useful products. These materials are well utilized in different sectors including biomedical or health care centres, nanocomposite materials, supercapacitors, and polymer matrix production. This review explores different approaches for NC production from pineapple waste residues using biotechnological interventions, approaches for their modification, and wider applications in different sectors. Recent technological developments in NC production by enzymatic treatment are critically discussed. The utilization of pineapple waste-derived NC from a bioeconomic perspective is summarized in the paper. The chemical composition and properties of nanocellulose extracted from pineapple waste may have unique characteristics compared to other sources. Pineapple waste for nanocellulose production aligns with the principles of sustainability, waste reduction, and innovation, making it a promising and novel approach in the field of nanocellulose materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140833
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • Biotechnological interventions
  • Nanocellulose
  • Nanocrystals
  • Nanofibers
  • Pineapple waste


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