We have examined the biosynthesis of rat apolipoprotein C-III in the small intestine and liver. The primary translation product of its mRNA was recovered from wheat germ and ascites cell-free systems. Comparison of its NH2-terminal sequence with the NH2 terminus of plasma high density lipoprotein-associated apolipoprotein C-III showed that apo-C-III was initially synthesized as a preprotein with a 20 amino acid long NH2-terminal extension: Met-X-X-X-Met-Leu-Leu-X-X-Ala-Leu-X-Ala-Leu-Leu-Ala-X-Ala-X-Ala. Co-translational cleavage of the cell-free translation product by signal peptidase generated a polypeptide with the same NH2 terminus as the mature protein (X-Glu-X-Glu-Gly-Ser-Leu-Leu-Leu-Gly-Ser-Met). Therefore, this apolipoprotein does not undergo posttranslational proteolytic processing like two other high density lipoprotein-affiliated proteins, proapo-A-I and proapo-A-II. The mRNA encoding apolipoprotein C-III comprises 0.4% of the translatable RNA species in adult rat liver and 0.14% of the translatable RNA species in small intestinal epithelium. Acute fat feeding with a triglyceride meal resulted in a 2-fold increase in intestinal preapo-C-III mRNA accumulation but no change in the levels of preproapo-A-I mRNA. Thus, the acute response of the apo-A-I and C-III genes to triacylglycerol absorption differs.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1984|