A soluble lectin, the core-specific lectin (CSL), is synthesized and secreted by rat hepatocytes and the rat hepatoma cell line, H-4-II-E. This lectin binds mannose and N-acetylglucosamine residues in the "core" region of Asn-linked oligosaccharides. Secretion of the CSL was found to occur over an extended period of time, greater than 4 h being required for secretion of 50% of the lectin (Brownell, M. D., Colley, K. J., and Baenziger, J. U. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 3925-3932). We have determined that following synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum, the CSL is rapidly transported to the Golgi where it is retained for an extended period of time prior to secretion. The lectin undergoes two post-translational modifications within the Golgi: an increase from Mr 24,000 to 25,000 and a progressive decrease in pI with an accompanying increase in Mr to a final value of 26,000. The lectin is also assembled into high molecular weight complexes of 150-260 X 10(3) and acquires the ability to bind carbohydrate in the Golgi. In hepatoma cells, the 24,000-25,000 modification is completed 20 min after initiation of synthesis. Assembly of the CSL subunits into high molecular weight complexes, acquisition of carbohydrate binding activity, and the 25,000-26,000 modification occur between 20 and 80 min after initiation of synthesis. These events have slower kinetics in primary hepatocytes and this allowed us to determine that the sequence of these biosynthetic events is: the 24,000-25,000 modification, complex assembly, the 25,000-26,000 modification, and acquisition of carbohydrate binding activity. The 24,000-25,000 modification occurs prior to complex assembly. Complex assembly may occur prior to, or concomitant with, the 25,000-26,000 modification. Assembly into the oligomeric form and the 25,000-26,000 modification correlate with the attainment of carbohydrate binding activity. The kinetics of CSL modification and assembly cannot account for its retention within the Golgi. Interaction with Golgi components either through carbohydrate binding or another interaction, may act to selectively retain the lectin within the Golgi.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 5 1987|