The biosynthesis and processing of the human mannose receptor has been studied in monocyte-derived macrophages. Adherent cells were labeled for 60 min with Trans35S (a mixture of 35S-labeled methionine and cysteine), chased, and subjected to immunoprecipitation by antibody raised agaisnt the human placental receptor. The antibody immunoprecipitated a single protein of molecular mass 162 kDa; precipitation of the labeled receptor could be inhibited by placental receptor. The results presented demonstrate that the receptor is synthesized as a 154-kDa precursor which is processed to 162 kDa in 90 min. The precursor is a glycoprotein bearing endoglycosidase H-sensitive oligosaccharides; the 162-kDa form is endoglycosidase H-resistant but peptide:N-glycanase-sensitive. Desialylation of the mannose receptor with neuraminidase generates a protein which is recognized by peanut agglutinin, a lectin that specifically binds desialylated O-linked oligosaccharides. Thus, the human macrophage mannose receptor bears both N- and O-linked oligosaccharide chains. Newly synthesized mannose receptor exhibits a half-life of 33 h as determined by pulse-chase studies. This indicates that on the average, each molecule of receptor recycles between the cell surface and endosomes hundreds of times before degradation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|