Biophysical evidence for intrinsic disorder in the C-terminal tails of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER3 receptor tyrosine kinases

Theodore R. Keppel, Kwabena Sarpong, Elisa M. Murray, John Monsey, Jian Zhu, Ron Bose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases includes oncogenes important in the progression of breast and other cancers, and they are targets for many drug development strategies. Each member of the ErbB family possesses a unique, structurally uncharacterized C-terminal tail that plays an important role in autophosphorylation and signal propagation. To determine whether these C-terminal tails are intrinsically disordered regions, we conducted a battery of biophysical experiments on the EGFR and HER3 tails. Using hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry, we measured the conformational dynamics of intracellular half constructs and compared the tails with the ordered kinase domains. The C-terminal tails demonstrate more rapid deuterium exchange behavior when compared with the kinase domains. Next, we expressed and purified EGFR and HER3 tail-only constructs. Results from circular dichroism spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography with multiangle light scattering, dynamic light scattering, analytical ultracentrifugation, and small angle X-ray scattering each provide evidence that the EGFR and HER3 C-terminal tails are intrinsically disordered with extended, non-globular structure in solution. The intrinsic disorder and extended conformation of these tails may be important for their function by increasing the capture radius and reducing the thermodynamic barriers for binding of downstream signaling proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-610
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 13 2017

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