Biomarker-driven trial in metastatic pancreas cancer: Feasibility in a multicenter study of saracatinib, an oral Src inhibitor, in previously treated pancreatic cancer

John Arcaroli, Kevin Quackenbush, Arvind Dasari, Rebecca Powell, Martine McManus, Aik Choon Tan, Nathan R. Foster, Joel Picus, John Wright, Sujatha Nallapareddy, Charles Erlichman, Manuel Hidalgo, Wells A. Messersmith

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Src tyrosine kinases are overexpressed in pancreatic cancers, and the oral Src inhibitor saracatinib has shown antitumor activity in preclinical models of pancreas cancer. We performed a CTEP-sponsored Phase II clinical trial of saracatinib in previously treated pancreas cancer patients, with a primary endpoint of 6-month survival. A Simon MinMax two-stage phase II design was used. Saracatinib (175 mg/day) was administered orally continuously in 28-day cycles. In the unselected portion of the study, 18 patients were evaluable. Only two (11%) patients survived for at least 6 months, and three 6-month survivors were required to move to second stage of study as originally designed. The study was amended as a biomarker-driven trial (leucine rich repeat containing protein 19 [LRRC19] > insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 [IGFBP2] "top scoring pairs" polymerase chain reaction [PCR] assay, and PIK3CA mutant) based on preclinical data in a human pancreas tumor explant model. In the biomarker study, archival tumor tissue or fresh tumor biopsies were tested. Biomarker-positive patients were eligible for the study. Only one patient was PIK3CA mutant in a 3′ untranslated region (UTR) portion of the gene. This patient was enrolled in the study and failed to meet the 6-month survival endpoint. As the frequency of biomarker-positive patients was very low (<3%), the study was closed. Although we were unable to conclude whether enriching for a subset of second/third line pancreatic cancer patients treated with a Src inhibitor based on a biomarker would improve 6-month survival, we demonstrate that testing pancreatic tumor samples for a biomarker-driven, multicenter study in metastatic pancreas cancer is feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-217
Number of pages11
JournalCancer medicine
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Clinical trial
  • Pancreas cancer
  • Src

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    Arcaroli, J., Quackenbush, K., Dasari, A., Powell, R., McManus, M., Tan, A. C., Foster, N. R., Picus, J., Wright, J., Nallapareddy, S., Erlichman, C., Hidalgo, M., & Messersmith, W. A. (2012). Biomarker-driven trial in metastatic pancreas cancer: Feasibility in a multicenter study of saracatinib, an oral Src inhibitor, in previously treated pancreatic cancer. Cancer medicine, 1(2), 207-217. https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.27