Biological Properties and Characterization of ASL50 Protein from Aged Allium sativum Bulbs

Suresh Kumar, Kumar Jitendra, Kusum Singh, Vaishali Kapoor, Mou Sinha, Immaculata Xess, Satya N. Das, Sujata Sharma, Tej P. Singh, Sharmistha Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Allium sativum is well known for its medicinal properties. The A. sativum lectin 50 (ASL50, 50 kDa) was isolated from aged A. sativum bulbs and purified by gel filtration chromatography on Sephacryl S-200 column. Agar well diffusion assay were used to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of ASL50 against Candida species and bacteria then minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined. The lipid A binding to ASL50 was determined by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology with varying concentrations. Electron microscopic studies were done to see the mode of action of ASL50 on microbes. It exerted antimicrobial activity against clinical Candida isolates with a MIC of 10–40 μg/ml and clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates with a MIC of 10–80 μg/ml. The electron microscopic study illustrates that it disrupts the cell membrane of the bacteria and cell wall of fungi. It exhibited antiproliferative activity on oral carcinoma KB cells with an IC50 of 36 μg/ml after treatment for 48 h and induces the apoptosis of cancer cells by inducing 2.5-fold higher caspase enzyme activity than untreated cells. However, it has no cytotoxic effects towards HEK 293 cells as well as human erythrocytes even at higher concentration of ASL50. Biological properties of ASL50 may have its therapeutic significance in aiding infection and cancer treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1914-1927
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume176
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2015

Keywords

  • Allium sativum lectin
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antiproliferative
  • Chromatography

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