The aim of this study was to characterize the adequacy and longevity of biological response to desmopressin (DDAVP) in a large Amish kindred of Type 2M von Willebrand disease (VWD) possessing C-to-T transition at nucleotide 4120 in exon 28 of A1 domain of von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene. Response to both intranasal (Stimate®) and subcutaneous DDAVP administration was assessed. Rise in ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo) ≥40% at 90-min post-Stimate® and 1-2h after subcutaneous DDAVP was defined as initial response; response longevity was assessed only after subcutaneous dosing by measuring VWF:RCo levels at time-points 1, 2, 4 and 6h. Eleven patients (five males, six females; age range: 20-56years) participated in intranasal and 9/11 (four males, five females) in subcutaneous testing. Baseline haemostatic profiles included: VWF:RCo < 15%, VWF:Ag < 40% and normal VWF multimers. Initial response was comparable by both intranasal (6/11; 54.5%) and subcutaneous (4/9; 44%) routes; sustained response (VWF:RCo > 40% for 2 h) was observed in only one in nine (11%) patients tested. Median VWF:RCo peak levels after intranasal (40%) and subcutaneous (39%) routes were equivalent. Peak VWF:Ag levels were significantly higher after subcutaneous than intranasal DDAVP (94% vs. 54%; P = 0.03). Area under the curve for VWF:RCo was significantly decreased (170 μg h mL-1) compared with VWF:Ag (471 μg h mL-1) and FVIII:C (624.60 μg h mL-1). This study suggests that in this population: (i) intra-individual DDAVP response is consistent with subcutaneous and intranasal administration; and (ii) extending DDAVP challenge test up to at least 6 h is required to characterize adequacy and longevity of biologic response prior to using DDAVP as a sole haemostatic intervention.
- Desmopressin challenge test
- Type 2M von Willebrand disease