PapD is the prototype member of a family of periplasmic chaperones which are required for assembly of virulence associated pili in pathogenic, gram-negative bacteria. In the present investigation, an ELISA has been developed for evaluation of compounds as inhibitors of PapD. Synthetic peptides, including an octamer, derived from the C-terminus of the pilus adhesin PapG were able to inhibit PapD in the ELISA. Evaluation of a panel of octapeptides in the ELISA, in combination with NMR studies, showed that the peptides were bound as extended β-strands by PapD in aqueous solution. The PapD-peptide complex was stabilized by backbone to backbone hydrogen bonds and interactions involving three hydrophobic peptide side chains. This structural information, together with previous crystal structure data, provides a starting point in efforts to design and synthesize compounds which bind to chaperones and interfere with pilus assembly in pathogenic bacteria. Copyright (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.
- NMR spectroscopy