Bimodal degradation of MLL by SCFSkp2 and APCCdc20 assures cell cycle execution: A critical regulatory circuit lost in leukemogenic MLL fusions

Han Liu, Emily H.Y. Cheng, James J.D. Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human chromosome 11q23 translocations disrupting MLL result in poor prognostic leukemias. It fuses the common MLL N-terminal ∼1400 amino acids in-frame with >60 different partners without shared characteristics. In addition to the well-characterized activity of MLL in maintaining Hox gene expression, our recent studies established an MLL-E2F axis in orchestrating core cell cycle gene expression including Cyclins. Here, we demonstrate a biphasic expression of MLL conferred by defined windows of degradation mediated by specialized cell cycle E3 ligases. Specifically, SCFSkp2 and APC Cdc20 mark MLL for degradation at S phase and late M phase, respectively. Abolished peak expression of MLL incurs corresponding defects in G1/S transition and M-phase progression. Conversely, overexpression of MLL blocks S-phase progression. Remarkably, MLL degradation initiates at its N-terminal ∼1400 amino acids, and tested prevalent MLL fusions are resistant to degradation. Thus, impaired degradation of MLL fusions likely constitutes the universal mechanism underlying all MLL leukemias. Our data conclude an essential post-translational regulation of MLL by the cell cycle ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) assures the temporal necessity of MLL in coordinating cell cycle progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2385-2398
Number of pages14
JournalGenes and Development
Volume21
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

Keywords

  • Cdc20
  • Cell cycle
  • Leukemia
  • MLL
  • Skp2
  • Taspase1

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