Lung volume reduction (LVR) for advanced emphysema improves lung function and restores respiratory excursion of chest wall and diaphragm. Between January 1993 and February 1996, bilateral LVR via sternotomy was performed in 150 patients with an early mortality (< 60 days) of 2% (3/150). In 90 patients, FEV1 rose from 0.7 (24% pred.) preoperatively to 1.1 L (37% pred.) at 6 months (57% increase; p < 0.001). In the same interval, O2 requirements decreased during exercise from 95 to 46% of patients and from 50 to 16% of patients on continuous O2. After 1 (n = 54) and 2 (n = 15) years, the improvements in FEV1, pO2, 6-min walking distance, and dyspnea, and the reduction of TLC and RV remained stable. In selected patients, bilateral LVR results in marked improvement of emphysema-related disability and offers excellent palliation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Bilateral volume reduction for surgical treatment of advanced lung emphysema|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Langenbecks Archiv für Chirurgie. Supplement. Kongressband. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie. Kongress|
|State||Published - 1996|