Spinal muscular atrophy with congenital bone fractures 2 (SMABF2), a type of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), is characterized by congenital joint contractures, prenatal fractures of long bones, and respiratory distress and results from biallelic variants in ASCC1. Here, we describe an infant with severe, diffuse hypotonia, congenital contractures, and pulmonary hypoplasia characteristic of SMABF2, with the unique features of cleft palate, small spleen, transverse liver, and pulmonary thromboemboli with chondroid appearance. This infant also had impaired coagulation with diffuse petechiae and ecchymoses which has only been reported in one other infant with AMC. Using trio whole genome sequencing, our proband was identified to have biallelic variants in ASCC1. Using deep next generation sequencing of parental cDNA, we characterized alteration of splicing encoded by the novel, maternally inherited ASCC1 variant (c.297-8 T > G) which provides a mechanism for functional pathogenicity. The paternally inherited ASCC1 variant is a rare nonsense variant (c.466C > T; p.Arg156*) that has been previously identified in one other infant with AMC. This report extends the phenotypic characteristics of ASCC1-associated AMC (SMABF2) and describes a novel intronic variant that partially disrupts RNA splicing.
- arthrogryposis multiplex congenita
- spinal muscular atrophy with congenital bone fractures 2