BH3-only proteins contribute to steatotic liver ischemia-reperfusion injury

Bernard J. Dubray, Kendra D. Conzen, Gundumi A. Upadhya, Kristen L. Gunter, Jianluo Jia, Brett L. Knolhoff, Thallachallour Mohanakumar, William C. Chapman, Christopher D. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) to the liver continues to be a source of significant morbidity, especially in patients with hepatic steatosis. This is a growing problem given the increase in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. B-cell lymphoma-2 homology3-only members of the B-cell lymphoma-2 protein family are known mediators of cellular apoptosis, although their role in hepatic IRI is still emerging. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of Bim and Bid on warm hepatic IRI in the setting of steatosis. Methods Lean and obese Bim and/or Bid wild-type (WT) and double knockout (DKO) mice underwent 60 min of warm hepatic ischemia using a 70% segmental occlusion technique. Obesity and hepatic steatosis were induced using a high fat diet. Hepatocellular injury patterns were compared among lean and steatotic mice after reperfusion. Differences were analyzed using a Student t-test and reported as mean ± standard error of the mean. Results DKO mice were protected from IRI relative to WT. A high fat diet created equal degrees of steatosis in both WT and DKO mice. The IRI was increased in steatotic WT livers; however, DKO mice remained protected relative to WT despite hepatic steatosis. Conclusions The B-cell lymphoma-2 homology3-only proteins are important mediators of hepatic IRI in both lean and steatotic livers. These mechanisms have been underappreciated in steatotic liver injury and may be leveraged as targets for intervention in clinical scenarios such as transplant and hypovolemic shock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-658
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015


  • Apoptosis
  • BCL-2 proteins
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Steatosis


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