Best Practices in CD30 Immunohistochemistry Testing, Interpretation, and Reporting An Expert Panel Consensus

Alejandro A. Gru, Megan S. Lim, Ahmet Dogan, Steven M. Horwitz, Jan Delabie, Kai Fu, Deniz Peker, Vishnu V.B. Reddy, Mina L. Xu, Kiran Vij, Graham W. Slack, Roberto N. Miranda, Deepa Jagadeesh, Julie M. Lisano, Eric D. Hsi, Emina Torlakovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context.—Although CD30 testing is an established tool in the diagnostic workup of lymphomas, it is also emerging as a predictive biomarker that informs treatment. The current definition of CD30 positivity by immunohistochemistry is descriptive and based on reactivity in lymphomas that are defined by their universal strong expression of CD30, rather than any established threshold. Challenges include inconsistencies with preanalytic variables, tissue processing, pathologist readout, and with the pathologist and oncologist interpretation of reported results. Objective.—To develop and propose general best practice recommendations for reporting CD30 expression by immunohistochemistry in lymphoma biopsies to harmonize practices across institutions and facilitate assessment of its significance in clinical decision-making. Design.—Following literature review and group discussion, the panel of 14 academic hematopathologists and 2 clinical/academic hematologists/oncologists divided into 3 working groups. Each working group was tasked with assessing CD30 testing by immunohistochemistry, CD30 expression readout, or CD30 expression interpretation. Results.—Panel recommendations were reviewed and discussed. An online survey was conducted to confirm the consensus recommendations. Conclusions.—CD30 immunohistochemistry is required for all patients in whom classic Hodgkin lymphoma and any lymphoma within the spectrum of peripheral T-cell lymphoma are differential diagnostic considerations. The panel reinforced and summarized that immunohistochemistry is the preferred methodology and any degree of CD30 expression should be reported. For diagnostic purposes, the interpretation of CD30 expression should follow published guidelines. To inform therapeutic decisions, report estimated percent positive expression in tumor cells (or total cells where applicable) and record descriptively if nontumor cells are positive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-86
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


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