Benefits of multimodal enhanced recovery pathway in patients undergoing open ventral hernia repair

Arnab Majumder, Mojtaba Fayezizadeh, Ruel Neupane, Heidi L. Elliott, Yuri W. Novitsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Use of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathways have evidenced improved outcomes in several surgical specialties. The effectiveness of ERAS pathways specific to hernia surgery, however, has not yet been investigated. We hypothesized that our ERAS pathway would accelerate functional recovery and shorten hospitalization in patients undergoing open ventral hernia repair (VHR). Study Design Consecutive patients undergoing open major VHR using transversus abdominis release and sublay synthetic mesh placement, with use of our ERAS pathway, were compared with a historical cohort before ERAS implementation. Main outcomes measures were time to diet advancement, time to return of bowel function, time to oral narcotics, length of stay (LOS), and 90-day readmissions. Results Between January 2014 and January 2015, 100 patients undergoing VHR with ERAS implementation were compared with a historical cohort. The ERAS group demonstrated significantly shorter times to liquid and regular diet: 1.1 vs 2.7 and 3.0 vs 4.8 days, respectively (p < 0.001). Furthermore, ERAS patients demonstrated significantly shorter times to flatus and bowel movement: 3.1 vs 3.9 and 3.6 vs 5.2 days, respectively (p < 0.001). Average LOS was reduced from 6.1 to 4.0 days (p < 0.001), and ERAS patients had significantly fewer 90-day readmissions, 4% vs 16% (p < 0.001). Conclusions A comprehensive ERAS pathway for major open VHR was implemented safely. Multimodal perioperative pain management, oral opioid-receptor blockade, and early feeding strategies resulted in accelerated intestinal recovery, shorter hospitalizations, and fewer readmissions. Use of our ERAS pathway appears to result in improved outcomes in patients undergoing open VHR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1106-1115
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume222
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

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