Behaviour/emotional problems in male juvenile delinquents and controls in Russia: The role of personality traits

V. V. Ruchkin, M. Eisemann, C. R. Cloninger

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Recent studies based on the psychobiological theory of personality by Cloninger postulate a relationship between certain personality traits and various psychopathological manifestations. To test this theory, we administered the Temperament and Character Inventory and the Youth Self- Report to 188 male delinquents from a juvenile correction centre in Northern Russia, and to 111 age-matched male controls recruited from among schoolchildren. As assumed by previous studies, psychological symptoms were primarily positively correlated with harm avoidance and negatively correlated with self-directedness. At the same time, the higher levels of aggressive and delinquent behaviour were positively correlated with novelty-seeking and negatively correlated with co-operativeness. The possible mechanisms underlying these findings are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)231-236
    Number of pages6
    JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Volume98
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

    Keywords

    • Adolescence
    • Personality
    • Psychological problems

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