Behavioral Pure-Tone Threshold Shifts Caused by Tympanic Membrane Electrodes

Spencer B. Smith, Jeffery Lichtenhan, Barbara Cone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine whether tympanic membrane (TM) electrodes induce behavioral pure-tone threshold shifts. Design: Pure-tone thresholds (250 to 8000 Hz) were measured twice in test (n = 18) and control (n = 10) groups. TM electrodes were placed between first and second threshold measurements in the test group, whereas the control group did not receive electrodes. Pure-tone threshold shifts were compared between groups. The effect of TM electrode contact location on threshold shifts was evaluated in the test group. Results: TM electrodes significantly increased average low-frequency thresholds, 7.5 dB at 250 Hz and 4.2 dB at 500 Hz, and shifts were as large as 25 dB in individual ears. Also, threshold shifts did not appear to vary at any frequency with TM electrode contact location. Conclusions: Low-frequency threshold shifts occur when using TM electrodes and insert earphones. These findings are relevant to interpreting electrocochleographic responses to low-frequency stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e273-e275
JournalEar and hearing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • Compound action potentials
  • Electrocochleography
  • Low-frequency hearing
  • Tympanic membrane electrodes


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