Bax deficiency rescues resection-induced enterocyte apoptosis in mice with perturbed EGF receptor function

Marcus D. Jarboe, Russell J. Juno, Nicole P. Bernal, Andrew W. Knott, Yufang Zhang, Christopher R. Erwin, Brad W. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Adaptation after massive smallbowel resection (SBR) is associated with increased cell turnover, increased rates of enterocyte proliferation, and apoptosis. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition attenuates adaptation and increases apoptosis. Intestinal levels of bax appear to correlate with EGFR signaling. This study tested the hypothesis that bax is required for the exaggerated postresection apoptosis induced by perturbed EGFR signaling. Methods Waved-2 mice with impaired EGFR signaling were crossbred with bax-null mice. Offspring were subjected to either 50% proximal SBR or sham operation (bowel transection and reanastomosis). After 7 days, parameters of adaptation (villus height, wet weight), proliferation (% Ki-67 immunostaining of crypt cells), and apoptosis (# apoptotic bodies per crypt) were recorded in the remnant ileum. Results Enterocyte apoptosis was increased in waved-2 mice and prevented in bax-null mice after SBR. The accelerated apoptosis in the waved-2 mice was rescued in the context of deficient bax expression. Other parameters of adaptation were restored in the bax-null/waved-2 mice. Conclusion Bax is required for the induction of postresection enterocyte apoptosis. Defective EGFR signaling augments resection-induced enterocyte apoptosis via a mechanism that also requires bax expression. These data implicate a link between EGFR signaling and bax in the genesis of postresection apoptosis and adaptation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-126
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery
Volume136
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

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