Basophils promote innate lymphoid cell responses in inflamed skin

Brian S. Kim, Kelvin Wang, Mark C. Siracusa, Steven A. Saenz, Jonathan R. Brestoff, Laurel A. Monticelli, Mario Noti, Elia D.Tait Wojno, Thomas C. Fung, Masato Kubo, David Artis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

179 Scopus citations

Abstract

Type 2 inflammation underlies allergic diseases such as atopic dermatitis, which is characterized by the accumulation of basophils and group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) in inflamed skin lesions. Although murine studies have demonstrated that cutaneous basophil and ILC2 responses are dependent on thymic stromal lymphopoietin, whether these cell populations interact to regulate the development of cutaneous type 2 inflammation is poorly defined. In this study, we identify that basophils and ILC2s significantly accumulate in inflamed human and murine skin and form clusters not observed in control skin. We demonstrate that murine basophil responses precede ILC2 responses and that basophils are the dominant IL-4-enhanced GFP-expressing cell type in inflamed skin. Furthermore, basophils and IL-4 were necessary for the optimal accumulation of ILC2s and induction of atopic dermatitis- like disease.We show that ILC2s express IL-4Ra and proliferate in an IL-4-dependent manner. Additionally, basophil-derived IL- 4 was required for cutaneous ILC2 responses in vivo and directly regulated ILC2 proliferation ex vivo. Collectively, these data reveal a previously unrecognized role for basophil-derived IL-4 in promoting ILC2 responses during cutaneous inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3717-3725
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume193
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

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