Barriers to surgical menopause counseling in gynecologic cancers: A quantitative and qualitative study of patients and providers

Connor C. Wang, Dandi S. Huang, Anisa M. Carlson, Zhanhai Li, Ahmed Al-Niaimi, Makeba Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Objective The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with receiving surgical menopause counseling in gynecologic cancer patients, as well as patient and provider perspectives, regarding surgical menopause counseling and management. Methods We conducted a single-institution mixed-method study combining retrospective chart review and patient and provider surveys. Patients younger than 51 years who experienced surgical menopause after gynecologic cancer treatment from January 2017 to December 2019 were surveyed in April 2021 about experiences with menopause counseling, barriers to care, and quality of life. We then reviewed charts of only patients who fully completed surveys. All gynecologic oncology providers were surveyed about surgical menopause practices. Logistic regression identified factors associated with receiving counseling. Results Sixty-six of 75 identified met inclusion criteria and received survey invitations. Thirty-five (53%) completed surveys. Sixty percent had documented surgical menopause counseling. Patients who were counseled were younger (43 vs 48.5 years, P = 0.005), more likely to have referrals for menopause care (12 vs 9, P = 0.036), more likely to have menopause providers other than oncology providers (14 vs 8, P = 0.001), and had fewer comorbidities. Decreasing age at surgery increased odds of counseling. Most reported continued menopause symptoms and quality of life disturbances. Half were satisfied with menopause care. Majority preferred counseling from oncology providers. Most providers always counseled on surgical menopause but cited lack of time as the primary obstacle for complete counseling. Conclusions Younger age at surgery increased odds of receiving surgical menopause counseling. Gynecologic cancer patients experienced significant menopause-related disturbances. Improved understanding of patient and provider preferences and greater emphases on surgical menopause and survivorship will improve care for gynecologic oncology patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-931
Number of pages6
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022


  • Gynecologic oncology
  • Gynecologic oncology patient outcomes
  • Gynecologic oncology survivorship
  • Menopause counseling
  • Postmenopausal
  • Surgical menopause


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