Awareness and compensation in postacute head injury rehabilitation

Bruce Crosson, Peggy Poeschel Barco, Craig A. Velozo, Mary Melinda Bolesta, Patricia V. Cooper, Diane Werts, Teresa C. Brobeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

292 Scopus citations


Deficits in awareness caused by brain Injury can be divided into three types: deficits in intellectual awareness, deficits in emergent awareness, and deficits in anticipatory awareness. The presence or absence of an awareness deficit and the type of awareness deficit will determine the kinds of compensations that patients can use in postacute rehabilitation. Compensations can be divided into four types based upon how they are triggered: anticipatory, recognition, situational, and external compensations. Types of awareness deficits, categories of compensation, and the relationships between awareness and compensation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1989


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