Background: Outpatient antibiotic prescriptions drive antibiotic overuse in humans, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has identified community pharmacies as potential partners in outpatient stewardship efforts. Clinical decision support (CDS) tools can potentially be used at community pharmacies to aid in outpatient stewardship efforts. Objectives: We sought to determine community pharmacist attitudes toward using a computerized CDS tool to evaluate and manage common complaints and thus promote appropriate antibiotic prescribing. Methods: We conducted in-depth semistructured interviews of community pharmacists to determine attitudes toward using CDS tools in their practice and identify potential barriers in implementation. Thematic analysis was used to identify common themes and subthemes in the pharmacist responses. Results: We interviewed 21 pharmacists and identified 5 themes and 14 subthemes in our interviews. The pharmacists reported that patients frequently presented with complaints of acute infections and that they (the pharmacists) were universally supportive of a CDS intervention that would allow them to assess such patients and, in turn, guide appropriate antibiotic prescribing. They noted that communication difficulties with prescribing physicians and lack of information sharing currently made it difficult to implement stewardship interventions, and they stated that they were interested in any intervention that could help overcome these barriers. Conclusion: Community pharmacies represent an important point of contact for patients and are a potentially valuable setting for outpatient stewardship interventions. Pharmacists were overwhelmingly supportive of using CDS tools to evaluate patients and promote antimicrobial stewardship. These results suggest that it would be feasible to pilot such an intervention in the community pharmacy setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-571
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021


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