Background As the prevalence of atrial fibrillation rises with age and older patients increasingly receive transplants, the perioperative management of this common arrhythmia and its impact on outcomes in liver transplantation is of relevance. Methods Retrospective review of 757 recipients of liver transplantation from January 2002 through December 2011. Results Nineteen recipients (2.5%) had documented pre-transplantation atrial fibrillation. Sixteen patients underwent liver and 3 a combined liver-kidney transplantation. Three patients died within 30 days (84.2% 1-month survival) and another 3 within 1 year of transplantation (68.4% 1-year survival). Compared with patients without atrial fibrillation, the relative risk of death in the atrial fibrillation group was 5.29 at 1 month (P =.0034; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.73-16.18) and 3.28 at 1 year (P =.0008; 95% CI, 1.63-6.59). Time to extubation and intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital readmissions were not different from the control cohort. Rapid ventricular response requiring treatment occurred in 4 patients during surgery and 7 after surgery, resulting in 3 ICU and 3 hospital readmissions. Conclusions The results suggest that patients with atrial fibrillation may be at increased risk of mortality after liver transplantation. Optimization of medical therapy may decrease ICU and hospital readmission due to rapid ventricular response.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jun 2014|