Asymmetric syncytial expression of GLUT9 splice variants in human term placenta and alterations in diabetic pregnancies

Kristin P. Bibee, Nicholas P. Illsley, Kelle H. Moley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glucose transport from the maternal to fetal side of the placenta is critical for fetal growth and development due to the absence of fetal gluconeogenesis. Human GLUT9, existing as 2 isoforms, is a novel member of the transporter family. This study investigated the localization and relative expression levels of these isoforms in the human term placenta from both control and diabetic patients. Placenta samples were collected from normal pregnancies and those complicated by maternal diabetes (White classifications A1, A2, and B). Antibodies specific for the different isoforms were used to detect expression. Both forms of the protein are expressed in syncytiotrophoblast cells. Subcellular fractionation revealed an asymmetrical expression pattern with GLUT9a on basal membranes, whereas GLUT9b localizes to microvillus membranes. Expression of both isoforms is significantly increased in placental tissue from diabetic pregnancies. Altered expression of GLUT9 in the placenta may play a role in the fetal pathophysiology associated with diabetes-complicated pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • Basal membrane
  • Glucose transport
  • Maternal diabetes
  • Microvillus membrane
  • Syncytiotrophoblast

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