Associations of candidate loci angiotensinogen and angiotensin- converting enzyme with severe hypertension: The NHLBI Family Heart Study

I. B. Borecki, M. A. Province, E. H. Ludwig, R. C. Ellison, A. R. Folsom, G. Heiss, J. M. Lalouel, M. Higgins, D. C. Rao

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PURPOSE: In studies conducted in several different populations, the M235T substitution in the angiotensinogen (AGT) locus has been associated with hypertension. METHODS: A case-control study was initiated in an attempt to replicate this finding. Persons with hypertension, age- and sex-matched normotensive controls, and randomly sampled individuals were probands from the Family Heart Study of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Subjects were recruited from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study (ARIC) in North Carolina and Minneapolis, MN, and from the Framingham Heart Study in Massachusetts. Genotypes were determined for the M235T substitution in the AGT locus and for the insertion/deletion polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) locus. Simple association tests as well as logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The association of AGT-T235 with hypertension was replicated in the Framingham sample (odds ratio, 1.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-2.30), but not in the ARIC white or black subjects. However, logistic regression analysis suggested a significant association of AGT with hypertension in both the ARIC, white and Framingham samples when the effects of body mass index, triglycerides, and the presence of significant coronary heart disease were controlled. These analyses further suggested that, in the ARIC data, the relationship with the AGT locus is stronger in women than men and that there may be interaction (epistasis) between homozygotes for T235 and ACE-DD in the Framingham data. While the small sample size precluded logistic regression analysis, the frequency of the T235 allele in the black random sample was much higher than in the comparable white sample. CONCLUSIONS: These results are compatible with the presence of a genetic risk factor for hypertension in or near the angiotensinogen locus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1997


  • Angiotensinogen
  • Blacks
  • Caucasians
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • case-control study
  • epistasis
  • genotypes
  • hypertension


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