Associations between genetic variants of NADPH oxidase-related genes and blood pressure responses to dietary sodium intervention: The GenSalt study

Xikun Han, Zunsong Hu, Jing Chen, Jianfeng Huang, Chen Huang, Fangchao Liu, Charles Gu, Xueli Yang, James E. Hixson, Xiangfeng Lu, Laiyuan Wang, De Pei Liu, Jiang He, Shufeng Chen, Dongfeng Gu

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to comprehensively test the associations of genetic variants of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase-related genes with blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium intervention in a Chinese population. METHODS We conducted a 7-day low-sodium intervention followed by a 7-day high-sodium intervention among 1,906 participants in rural China. BP measurements were obtained at baseline and each dietary intervention using a random-zero sphygmomanometer. Linear mixed-effect models were used to assess the additive associations of 63 tag singlenucleotide polymorphisms in 11 NADPH oxidase-related genes with BP responses to dietary sodium intervention. Gene-based analyses were conducted using the truncated product method. The Bonferroni method was used to adjust for multiple testing in all analyses. RESULTS Systolic BP (SBP) response to high-sodium intervention signifcantly decreased with the number of minor T allele of marker rs6967221 in RAC1 (P = 4.51 × 10-4). SBP responses (95% confdence interval) for genotypes CC, CT, and TT were 5.03 (4.71, 5.36), 4.20 (3.54, 4.85), and 0.56 (-1.08, 2.20) mm Hg, respectively, during the high-sodium intervention. Gene-based analyses revealed that RAC1 was signifcantly associated with SBP response to high-sodium intervention (P = 1.00 × 10-6) and diastolic BP response to low-sodium intervention (P = 9.80 × 10-4). CONCLUSIONS These fndings suggested that genetic variants of NADPH oxidaserelated genes may contribute to the variation of BP responses to sodium intervention in Chinese population. Further replication of these fndings is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-434
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Genetic association
  • Hypertension
  • NADPH oxidase
  • Salt sensitivity

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    Han, X., Hu, Z., Chen, J., Huang, J., Huang, C., Liu, F., Gu, C., Yang, X., Hixson, J. E., Lu, X., Wang, L., Liu, D. P., He, J., Chen, S., & Gu, D. (2017). Associations between genetic variants of NADPH oxidase-related genes and blood pressure responses to dietary sodium intervention: The GenSalt study. American Journal of Hypertension, 30(4), 427-434. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpw200