Association of Pharyngocutaneous Fistula with Cancer Outcomes in Patients after Laryngectomy: A Multicenter Collaborative Cohort Study

Joel C. Davies, Sarah Hugh, Jason T. Rich, John R. De Almeida, Patrick J. Gullane, Mario Orsini, Antoine Eskander, Eric Monteiro, Ximena Mimica, Marlena McGill, Marc A. Cohen, Jennifer R. Cracchiolo, Ahmed Teaima, Samantha Tam, Dongmin Wei, Ryan Goepfert, Mark Zafereo, Jie Su, Wei Xu, David P. Goldstein

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance: Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) results in an inflammatory reaction, but its association with the rate of locoregional and distant control, disease-free survival, and overall survival in laryngeal cancer remains uncertain. Objective: To determine if pharyngocutaneous fistula after salvage laryngectomy is associated with locoregional and distant control, disease-free survival, and/or overall survival. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter collaborative retrospective cohort study conducted at 5 centers in Canada and the US of 550 patients who underwent salvage laryngectomy for recurrent laryngeal cancer from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2014. The median follow-up time was 5.7 years (range, 0-18 years). Main Outcomes and Measures: Outcomes examined included locoregional and distant control, disease-free survival, and overall survival. Fine and Gray competing risk regression and Cox-proportional hazard regression models were used for outcomes. Competing risks and the Kaplan-Meier methods were used to estimate outcomes at 3 years and 5 years. Results: In all, 550 patients (mean [SD] age, 64 [10.4] years; men, 465 [85%]) met inclusion criteria. Pharyngocutaneous fistula occurred in 127 patients (23%). The difference in locoregional control between the group of patients with PCF (75%) and the non-PCF (72%) group was 3% (95% CI, -6% to 12%). The difference in overall survival between the group with PCF (44%) and the non-PCF group (52%) was 8% (95% CI, -2% to 20%). The difference in disease-free survival between PCF and non-PCF groups was 6% (95% CI, -4% to 16%). In the multivariable model, patients with PCF were at a 2-fold higher rate of distant metastases (hazard ratio, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.22 to 3.27). Distant control was reduced in those with PCF, a 13% (95% CI, 3% to 21%) difference in 5-year distant control. Conclusions and Relevance: This multicenter retrospective cohort study found that development of PCF after salvage laryngectomy is associated with an increased risk for the development of distant metastases..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1034
Number of pages8
JournalJAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume147
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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