Association of Locoregional Control With High Body Mass Index in Women Undergoing Breast Conservation Therapy for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Carmen Bergom, Tracy Kelly, Meena Bedi, Hina Saeed, Phillip Prior, Lisa E. Rein, Aniko Szabo, J. Frank Wilson, Adam D. Currey, Julia White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Obesity, as measured by the body mass index (BMI), is a risk factor for distant recurrence and decreased survival in breast cancer. We sought to determine whether the BMI correlated with local recurrence and reduced survival in a cohort of predominantly obese women treated with breast conservation therapy. Methods and Materials From 1998 to 2010, 154 women with early-stage invasive breast cancer and 39 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ underwent prone whole breast irradiation. Cox proportional hazards regression, Kaplan-Meier methods with the log-rank test, and multivariate analysis were used to explore the association of the outcomes with the BMI. Results The median patient age was 60 years, and the median follow-up duration was 73 months. The median BMI was 33.2 kg/m2; 91% of the patients were overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) and 69% of the patients were clinically obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2). The BMI was significantly associated with the locoregional recurrence-free interval for patients with invasive cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ (hazard ratio [HR], 1.09; P=.047). Also, a trend was seen for increased locoregional recurrence with a higher BMI (P=.09) for patients with invasive disease, which was significant when examining the outcomes with a BMI stratified by the median value of 33.2 kg/m2 (P=.008). A greater BMI was also significantly associated with decreased distant recurrence-free interval (HR, 1.09; P=.011) and overall survival (HR, 1.09; P=.004); this association remained on multivariate analysis (distant recurrence-free interval, P=.034; overall survival, P=.0007). Conclusions These data suggest that the BMI might affect the rate of locoregional recurrence in breast cancer patients. A higher BMI predicted a worse distant recurrence-free interval and overall survival. The present investigation adds to the increasing evidence that BMI is an important prognostic factor in early-stage breast cancer treated with breast conservation therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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